Wednesday, July 8, 2020

Dark skin around neck-causes-symptoms-treatments

Dark skin around the neck, a.k.a. Acanthosis Nigricans (AN), is a skin condition where parts of the human body which fold and crease, become dark and velvety and eventually thicken. Though they can appear anywhere on the body, they are most common in the neck, armpits and groin. This is common among people who have diabetes and/or are obese. In children, this is a possible sign of type 2 diabetes in the future.


This skin condition is often associated with:
  1. Some types of drugs and supplements like birth control pills, steroids and high doses of niacin or vitamin B3.
  2. Hormonal disorders like ovarian cysts, adrenal gland problems or underactive thyroid gland.
  3. Resistance to insulin. Insulin, secreted by the pancreas, allows the body to process sugar, and resistance to insulin eventually leads to type 2 diabetes.
  4. Cancer. This condition also occurs when a cancerous tumour begins growing in an internal organ like the liver, colon or stomach. 
  5. Obesity and genetics are also important factors. 
  1. Moderate to severe itching in the affected areas.
  2. Skin colouration can change into either brown or black.
  3. It has a velvet-like feel and is thicker than the surrounding area.
  4. Sometimes there may be a bad odour, too.
Generally, a visual skin exam is all that may be necessary. But, sometimes a small skin sample may be taken for a lab test. If the causes of AN are still unclear, then blood tests, X-rays and other tests may be advised.


In most cases, simply treating the underlying causes can lead to the discolouration fading away. This could involve losing weight, stopping the drugs and supplements that are being used. If the AN is caused because of a cancer tumour, then surgery to remove the tumour may be necessary.

If the skin becomes uncomfortable and/or the appearance and odour is not acceptable, then the doctor may prescribe topical antibiotics; skin-softening cream; antibacterial soap.

As Acanthosis Nigricans usually takes months or years to form and appear, if it appears very suddenly, one should immediately consult with a specialist.

Blog reviewed by: Dr. Priya J Talageri
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Monday, June 22, 2020

Applications of Minoxidil

Minoxidil is a medication, usually in the form of a solution or foam, used to help hair growth in the treatment of a kind of hair loss called Male Pattern Baldness. It is not used for the treatment of receding hairline or frontal baldness in men and persons below 18 years of age are advised NOT to use it. Those who can use it may have to use it indefinitely for maintenance of existing hair growth and support of existing follicles. And it can start at any age for both sexes.

Though this is called Male Pattern Baldness, women are also affected by it, at least one third it is believed. And it has a greater social impact on them than in men. However, unlike men, women’s hairline does not recede or go completely bald. But, there is a noticeable thinning of the hair

In both the cases, this type of hair loss occurs because of a genetically determined shortening of the Anagen, hair’s growth phase and the lengthening of the time between hair shedding and the start of a new growth phase.

Some common side effects include: irritation or redness of the eye; itching of the treated area; unwanted hair growth in areas not under treatment; allergic reactions have also been noted in some people. In some cases, it has also been seen to induce hair loss rather than growth.

Weird Fact: Minoxidil was developed in the late 1950s by the Upjohn Company; later a part of medical giant Pfizer; as a treatment for ulcer. It was officially approved for the treatment of hair loss only in 1988 and an over-the-counter drug in 1996.
The medication and application are the same for both men and women.

Application as a topical foam:
  • Expose the thinning part of the scalp by parting the hair into one or more rows
  • Transfer the foam from the container onto the fingers and gently massage it into the affected areas of the scalp.
  • Wash your hands immediately to remove any residual foam.
  • Do not blow-dry your hair as it makes Minoxidil less effective.

Application as a topical solution:
  • Make sure the hair and scalp are dry and apply the solution in the prescribed amount only using the supplied applicator.
  • Do not shampoo for 4 hours.
  • If going to bed, wait for the Minoxidil to dry, at least 3 to 4 hours.
  • Avoid transferring wet solutions to other parts of the body.
  • Wash your hands to remove residue.
  • Do not apply on irritated, sunburned or worn skin.
  • Do not blow-dry here also.

Dosage varies from person to person. Follow your doctor's instruction strictly.
For more details, book your appointments-

Blog reviewed by: Dr. Priya J Talageri
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Thursday, January 23, 2020

Can You Wear Makeup After Laser pigmentation removal?

Good looking skin is everybody's dream. Any disorders that damage the natural beauty of the skin can pull you back from this dream. Skin pigmentation is such a skin disorder that makes your skin lose its natural smoothness and attraction. 

 Laser pigmentation removal

There are several home remedies and over the countermeasures available. However, none of them provide a permanent result. A laser pigmentation method is proved to be effective in reducing the visible signs of freckles, sun spots, age spots, etc., from your face and body. 

What is Laser pigmentation removal?

Laser pigmentation removal is the procedure of removing pigmentation and redness using a laser. This procedure is also known as laser skin rejuvenation. The laser is targeted directly on the pigmented lesion in the skin. These pigmented lesions then absorb this laser beam in the skin, thus shattering them into tiny fragments, and the body's natural mechanisms clear away the pigmentation, thus leaving the skin with an even tone and complexion. 

Can You Apply Makeup After The Procedure?

People often have a query on using makeup after a laser skin rejuvenation treatment. Experts recommend that it is best to keep your skin makeup-free for 7 to 10 days after the treatment. This is because the procedures have created microscopic wounds in the layers of the skin where the imperfections lay. It will take time to heal these wounds. Using makeup immediately after the treatment can slow down the healing process.

You can start using basic foundations after 10 days of treatment. Some might experience peeling. So, it is best to wait until the skin stops peeling before applying a foundation. However, it is vital to apply moisture in the treated area, as it can prevent forming scabs and fasten the healing. 

There are a few things you can do to take care of your skin after getting the treatment. They are:
  • Check for reactions
  • Avoid sunburn
  • Minimize redness
  • Reduce swelling
  • Use moisturizer
  • Avoid topical medications & makeup 
 Laser pigmentation removal

Laser treatments are effective for eliminating imperfections of the skin. But, just like every other medication, post-treatment care is essential for long-lasting results. Laser treatments, along with daily skincare routine using the right products, can keep those imperfections away from you for years.

Blog reviewed by: Dr. Priya J Talageri
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Monday, December 16, 2019

Laser Treatments for Pigmentation

Pigmentation is terrible for those of us who are affected by it. It's not a pleasant sight to look at as you wake up in the morning. Pigmentation occurs not just in the face but also throughout the body, especially on your arms and feet. It can be all that a woman needs to postpone wearing that sleeveless top or that beautiful evening dress. 


Before we start, it's best to remind everyone that pigments aren't necessarily bad they are there to protect you. The pigmentation on your skin is designed to protect you from the harmful UV rays of the Sun. You should be thankful that they are there. However, like all things in life the problems arise when these pigments are produced more than is needed, everything becomes undesirable in excess and turns out these pigments are no different.

When these pigments get produced in excess, it builds upon your face and possibly other parts of your body causing marks, which can be unattractive, to say the least.

There are many remedies to these problems, however, none are as permanent and as effective as Laser Treatment. It works on almost types of pigmentations, sun spots, melasma, anything that is UV based. 

The lasers work to break down the excess pigments in your skin, thus eliminating the spots. It's a delicate procedure which requires care and expertise. The equipment used also need to e of the highest quality. There are countless cases where a simple miscalibration leads to further complications on the patient's skin.

 pigmentation treatment

If you or anyone you know is suffering from pigmentation, reach out to us and we'll help recommend an appropriate course of action to fix those spots. With our years of experience performing the same kind of procedures, you can rest assured that you are in expert care.

Blog reviewed by: Dr. Priya J Talageri
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Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Ignorance of fingernail hygiene could lead to infections

A lot of us live under the assumption that taking care of our fingernails is just a cosmetic exercise. Many of us are unaware that our nails could be a breeding ground for many types of infections. These infections could end up damaging our overall health and wellness. There are several signs that you should be on the look-out for when it comes to infections related to your nails. A few of them are listed below.
  • Lifting of the nail plate off the nail bed
  • Thickening of the nail plate
  • Crumbling of the nail plate
  • Discolouration, usually in streaks
  • White, yellow or green smelly discharge
  • Flaking and pitting of the surface of the nail plate.

Nail Infection

The above symptoms are typical of fungal infection on your nails, a lack of nail hygiene can quickly descend into such a type of infection.

There is another villain when it comes to fingernail infections, this particular character has been extremely active in causing nail infection, the name of this character is Staphylococcus aureus. This infection is called paronychia. Symptoms may include pain, redness and swelling around the cuticle and yellow-green discharge.

Sounds extremely gross doesn't it, however, if you aren't careful about fingernail hygiene this could very well happen to you

As you can see several kinds of diseases affect our fingernails. None of us should discount fingernail hygiene as a mere cosmetic procedure. We need to treat it a par with other parts of our body. 

Here are some ways you can improve fingernail hygiene,

Ways to reduce the risk of nail problems include:
  • Practice good personal hygiene.
  • Wear protective gloves for wet jobs such as washing the dishes.
  • Avoid harsh chemicals such as strong soaps and detergents.
  • Avoid or limit the handling of chemicals such as hair dyes.
  • Take care with the use of nail polish.
  • Don't clean under your nails too often or too aggressively.
  • To protect yourself from fungal infections, don't share towels, always dry yourself thoroughly after bathing (particularly between the toes), and wear thongs in communal bathing areas such as the local gym or swimming pool.
  • Make sure your shoes are well-fitting and have plenty of room for air movement.
  • If you or anyone you know is looking to improve their nail hygiene, reach out to us and we'll help recommend an appropriate course of action.

 Nail Infection

Blog reviewed by: Dr. Priya J Talageri
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Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Preventing and Treating Hair Loss in Women

Loose strands clog up your shower drain or an ever-scrawnier ponytail looks upsetting in recent times or your carpet turns into a hairy rug but these don’t necessarily mean anything's wrong.  On average, we lose around 50-100 strands a day, if you begin to shed drastically more than that or you notice they aren't growing back, well, that's when things start to get a bit hairy.

About one-third of women experience hair loss (alopecia) or reduced hair volume at some point in their lifetime. Nearly two-thirds of postmenopausal women suffer from hair thinning and bald spots. Almost 95 percent of female hair loss is androgenetic, meaning that it results from hormonal changes, as in pregnancy or menopause. It’s commonly more expected and accepted that men lose their hair. But when women begin to lose theirs, the psychological damage can be just as demoralizing as any serious disease, taking an emotional toll that can directly affect physical health.  According to a 2012 study by the National Institutes of Health, 30 percent of women suffering from hair loss reported two or more symptoms of depression.

So it's important not to freak out if you are losing strands, your mane will make progress. Meanwhile, here are few things you need to know...

The most common causes of women’s hair loss:

There are many causes for female hair loss but the most common cause of progressive hair loss in women is FPHL (Female Pattern Hair Loss, also known as androgenetic alopecia).

Female pattern hair loss has a distinctive progression. Hair thins mostly on the top and crown of the scalp, typically beginning with a widening of the center hair part. FPHL is characterized by miniaturization of the hair follicles, where the hair follicles become smaller and produce thinner, shorter, brittler hairs, and can eventually stop producing any hair.  The hair follicles not only miniaturize but also fade away with a reduction in the total number of follicles.

Unlike men, women tend to keep their hairline (except for normal recession) and this is known as a “Ludwig classification,” which involves thinning hair directly behind the hairline.

The hair loss in women will not usually result in total baldness, as it can in men.

Type I: mild stage- Most women may have may not notice that hair loss has occurred, as the frontal hairline remains relatively unaffected. Hair loss may take place on the top and front of the scalp.

Type II: moderate- In this stage, women may notice each of the following: a general decrease in volume, thinning, shedding and a center part that continues to widen over time.

Type III: extreme stage - In this stage, hair is so thin that it is difficult to camouflage the scalp, rendering it visible to the naked eye.

Alopecia can severely affect a woman's quality of life and emotional well-being. When it comes to hair loss in women, there are so many potential triggers, which mean it can be a little complicated to identify the exact reason why hair strands are falling out, and henceforth, how to figure out the treatment for the situation.

Treatment options

Minoxidil: The only treatment FDA-approved for female pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia is minoxidil. Your doctor or a dermatologist might prescribe the application of minoxidil to the scalp every day. It works by prolonging the growth phase of the hair follicles and slows down or stops hair loss. Minoxidil can actually encourage new hair to grow in up to a quarter of the women who take it. It’s usually recommended that men can use the 5% formula while women use minoxidil 2%.

Spironolactone: This is a diuretic, which is used to remove the excess fluid from the body. The medication also acts to decrease the effects of androgens in several ways. It exerts competitive blockade on androgen receptors and reduces adrenal androgen production. According to a retrospective study published in the International Journal of Women’s Dermatology,  almost 75 percent of women with female pattern hair loss found spironolactone to show ‘improvement or stabilization’ at 100- to 200-mg daily doses. However, it is important to understand that this medication must be used "long term” and it may interact with some medications so make sure to tell your physician all medications you take.

Supplements:  Persons who have severe iron deficiency anemia also may experience hair loss. Hair follicle cells can be especially sensitive to declining levels of iron and may not be able to grow new cells as effectively when iron stores are low. Then the doctor might prescribe an iron supplement and other supplements, such as biotin and folic acid for thick hair.

Laser treatment:  Low level laser hair therapy (LLLT) is a non-invasive breakthrough for women suffering the devastating effects of hair loss. With low level laser hair therapy, you can improve hair follicle renewal minus the surgery, patient incompatibility or scarring. Also referred to as red light therapy and cold laser therapy, this irradiates photons into scalp tissues which are in turn absorbed by weak cells to encourage hair growth. It’s widely accepted that the procedure is safe, tolerable, and non- invasive.

Hair transplant: This is a more permanent solution. During this procedure, the doctor will remove a thin strip of hair from one part of the scalp and implant it to an area with hair loss. Hair transplant Techniques have become so advanced in recent years that FUE and FUT hair transplants can overturn female - or male -pattern baldness to the point where no one will find out that you were ever losing your hair.

Prevention of hair loss in women tips

First things first - Don’t freak out: Losing your locks can leave you feeling stressed, but it’s extremely important to realise how common female hair loss is – and that if you have hair loss issues, you are not the only one experiencing and it is nothing to be embarrassed about.

  • Eat a healthy diet and make sure your diet includes plenty  of hair nutrients
  • Reduce your time in the sun as too much exposure can damage your hair.
  • Get smart about hair styling - stay away from hairstyles that pull on the hairline
  • Use natural hair products targeted to restore hair growth
  • Try to let your hair dry naturally and ditch hair tools that use high heat
  • Please restrain from brushing the hair when it is wet and fragile.
  • Don’t skip the scalp massage and consider using essential oils

Dr. Priya’s Skin & Hair Clinic is the best answer to all skin and hair conditions in Bangalore. This aesthetically designed clinic headed by clinical and aesthetic dermatologist Dr. Priya J Talageri in one of the easily accessible location in Bangalore, which adheres to the latest Evidence- Based Medicine and cosmetology-related needs of patients. They provide comprehensive care in all different disciplines of dermatology and hair loss treatment in bangalore in a very safe, secure and customized manner, reassuring good quality and complete privacy.

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